Ṣalāt al-Jumuʿah: The Friday Prayer
It is mentioned in the Quran:
O you who have faith! When the call is made for prayer on Friday, hurry toward the remembrance of God, and leave all business. That is better for you, should you know. And when the prayer is finished, disperse through the land and seek God's grace, and remember God greatly so that you may be felicitous.— Qur'an, Surah Al-Jumu'ah (62), Ayahs 9-10
In Islam, Friday prayer known as (Ṣalāt al-Jumuʿah) is a congrational prayer (ṣalāt) that Muslims hold every Friday, around the afternoon to substitute for the zhur prayer. unlike zhur prayer, al-Jumu'ah is performed with 2 rakats because of the talk or sermon know as Khutbah(jumu'ah) in the mosques before the Friday prayer. The sermon consists of two distinct parts, between which the Khatib(speaker) must sit down for a short time of rest. in a hadith narrated by Abu Huraira:
The Prophet, peace be upon him said, "On every Friday the angels take their stand at every gate of the mosques to write the names of the people chronologically (i.e. according to the time of their arrival for the Friday prayer) and when the Imam sits (on the pulpit) they fold up their scrolls and get ready to listen to the sermon."— Collected by Muhammad al-Bukhari, Sahih al-Bukhari
Muslim men are required to attend Friday prayers as long as they not traveling, while women are given the option to attend. Attending Ṣalāt al-Jumuʿah is very important to people who are able. The Prophet Muhammad (S.A.W) spoke of the value of praying in congregation rather than individually, promising spiritual rewards, such as answered prayers and forgiveness for one’s sins. Attending Friday prayers, the Prophet said, is equivalent to one entire year of praying and fasting alone. It has been stated that Jumu'ah is not obligatory for old men, children, women, slaves, travellers, the sick, blind and disabled, as well as those who are outside the limit of two farsakhs.